Plus: animation news.
Been thinking about this topic a lot recently! I've never understood why Williams was so partial to on-ones, as I'm definitely in the camp that finds the lower framerates more charming (the poses feel more distinct!) In school I was never taught this idea AT ALL (I assumed everything was supposed to be on-twos) but I'm glad to see it's more common than I thought. Will be keeping this article in mind if I ever teach animation someday!
Another great installment! I'm looking forward to watching the new Jonni Phillips animations and of course the North American release of Miyazaki's latest film.
In the shoe-tying scene, I think you're confusing modulation with holds. There's a hold at the end of that action to show it's complete. In that instance it's not about texture in timing, but communication with the audience.